Arthritis = Joint Inflammation

Arthritis literally means joint inflammation. The word arthritis is used to describe over 100 different diseases and conditions that affect joints, the tissues that surround joints, and other connective tissues.

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Types of arthritis

Osteoarthritis or OA is the most common type of arthritis and is caused by wear and tear on the joints. Under age 55, men get it more often than women; but over age 55, women more often than men.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease where the immune system attacks joint tissue as well as other body tissues causing inflammation. RA can eventually damage cartilage and bone.
 
Gout – a painful condition that occurs when uric acid builds up in blood. As a result, uric acid crystals form in or around joints. This can create swelling and severe pain (e.g. in the big toe, knee, wrist).
 

Signs and symptoms

In general, all types of arthritis cause inflammation of the one or more joints.
 

Signs of joint inflammation include:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Stiffness
  • Tenderness
  • Redness (rarely in OA)
  • Warmth (rarely in OA)
  • Decreased range of motion
 

Depending on the type of arthritis other signs and symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Rash
 

Risk factors

Osteoarthritis
  • Older age
  • Women (over age 55)
  • Men (under age 55)
  • Bone deformities
  • Joint injuries
  • Obesity
  • Certain jobs
 
Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Women
  • Age - can occur at any age, but is most common between the ages of 40 and 60
  • Family history
 
Gout
  • Men (between 40 and 50)
  • Excessive alcohol use
  • Certain diseases (e.g. High blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol)
  • Certain medications.
  • Family history

 
 

What you can do

 

Keep moving. Keeping your joints moving can lower pain, build muscle strength and improve your range of motion. The important thing is to choose the right kind of activities.

You want to build muscle without damaging the joint. Stretching exercises (yoga) and low impact aerobic activity (walking, water exercises) are good activities to start.

The type of activities you should avoid would be those that involve running, jumping, repetitive motion or high impact.

Talk to Pharmacist at Walmart. He/she can help make a plan to manage your arthritis pain.

 

Important information

The Pharmacist at Walmart is knowledgable about arthritis and all the things that you can do to help manage it... Just ask!

This information should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your doctor. There may be variations in treatment that your physician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances. If you have questions about your symptoms, ask the Pharmacist at Walmart for more information, and/or contact your doctor.




The pharmacist at Walmart does not endorse or recommend any sponsor or their products or services.
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