Cold & Flu
Prevention: be fit
Prevention: eat healthy
- Use warm water and soap
- Vigorously rub your hands together
- Scrub all parts of your hands and wrists
- Continue for at least 20 seconds before rinsing
- Use a paper towel to turn off faucets after you’ve washed.
Prevention: flu shot
Flu vs. cold symptoms
- Sneezing/nasal congestion: sometimes
- Weakness or feeling tired: usually and can be severe, lasting up to three weeks
- Fever or pain: usually a high fever of 102-104° F (39-40° C)
- Sore throat: common
- Cough: usually and may be severe
- Possible complications: pneumonia
- Sneezing/nasal congestion: often
- Weakness or feeling tired: sometimes, but generally mild
- Fever or pain: rarely
- Sore throat: common
- Cough: sometimes, but usually mild to moderate
- Possible complications: ear infection or sinus infection
- Stay hydrated by drinking lots of fluids, such as water, naturally sweetened fruit juice, hot tea with honey or try a tasty soup.
- A warm- or cool-mist humidifier can help moisten the air and provide some relief for nasal congestion.
- A salt-water gargle may help ease a sore throat. You can also eat a Popsicle® for relief of a sore throat.
- Medicated nasal congestion products (tablets/capsules, drops/sprays, strips) or nasal strips. Medicated decongestants shouldn’t be used for more than 2-3 days. Children or those with a heart condition, diabetes or thyroid condition shouldn’t use them.
- Acetaminophen or ibuprofen for fever. Avoid ASA in those under age 19.
- Throat lozenges, warm salt-water gargle or pain reliever. Children should be supervised; those under 6 should not use pain relievers.
- Cough suppressant or expectorant. Not for children under age 12.
Cold & flu in children
- Children under age 6 should NOT use OTC cold/flu products, including:
- Expectorants (these loosen mucus)
- Antihistamines (for sneezing, runny nose, congestion)
- Suppressant (for cough)
- Children under 12 should only use such products with caution and under the direction of a health care professional.
- Choose only products with dosing instructions for the child’s age group. Follow the instructions carefully.
- Children should receive only one kind of cold/flu medicine at a time.
This information should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your doctor. There may be variations in treatment that your physician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances. If you have questions about your symptoms, ask the Pharmacist at Walmart for more information, and/or contact your doctor.