Do You have Type 2 Diabetes?
What you need to know
Your body needs energy. You eat food to convert into glucose which is converted to energy. Insulin is the hormone that helps deliver glucose to your body’s cells to be used as energy as well as control the level of glucose in your blood.
With type 2 diabetes either the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or can’t use it.
Eventually, glucose builds up in your blood and when it gets high enough, you are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. This puts you at risk of serious health complications.
Are there symptoms?
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes often develop slowly. Many people have it for years and don’t even know it. Most people are symptom-free for many years.
That’s why the Canadian Diabetes Association (CDA) recommends that screening should be performed every 3 years in people ≥40 years of age or in those at high risk. If you’re not sure about your risk, ask your doctor or your Walmart pharmacist.
Understanding the causes
Insulin is like a key that opens a locked door. Insulin attaches to cells to allow glucose to enter the cell.
Unlike people with type 1 diabetes, people with type 2 diabetes do produce insulin. The problem with type 2 diabetes is that either the pancreas does not release enough insulin or that the body doesn’t use the insulin properly.
When the body can’t use the insulin it makes very well, at first, the body makes more insulin. But eventually it can't keep up, and that is when the person starts to have prediabetes or type 2 diabetes.
What are the risk factors
There are factors that can put you at risk of type 2 diabetes. Some of these factors can be changed and some cannot. Changing the risk factors you can helps prevent or delay the onset of the disease. If you already have type 2 diabetes, addressing these same factors can help you manage your condition and slow the onset of complications.
Risk factors that can be changed include:
What can I do?
- Checking your blood glucose regularly will:
- Allow you to take action if levels are too high or too low
- Show you how your lifestyle and medication help you manage your blood glucose
Eat a healthy diet
- If you are overweight, losing some weight can help to improve your overall health and control your diabetes
- People with diabetes should receive nutrition counselling with a registered dietitian
What else can I do?
- Almost everyone benefits from regular exercise. Benefits include weight loss, stronger bones, improved blood pressure control, lower rates of heart disease and cancer as well as increased energy levels
- It’s bad for everyone. It increases your risk for heart attack and stroke, and people with diabetes are already at increased risk
This information should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your doctor. There may be variations in treatment that your physician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances. If you have questions about your symptoms, ask the Pharmacist at Walmart for more information, and/or contact your doctor.
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