What is cholesterol?
- High-density lipoprotein (HDL) – the “good” cholesterol that you’ll want to keep high (remember “H” for high)
- Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) – the “bad” cholesterol that you’ll want to keep low (remember “L” for low)
Cholesterol risk factors
- Not enough exercise
- Eating a diet high in saturated and trans fat
- Alcohol abuse
- Kidney disease
- Liver disease
- Family history of high cholesterol
- Men aged 40 and up
- Women aged 50 and up or post-menopausal
- People with diabetes
- Anyone with a family history of heart disease or stroke, and certain other health conditions
- If you are overweight
- Current cigarette smokers
Diet and cholesterol
- Plan a meal around meat substitutes like lentils and beans
- Choose leaner cuts of meat
- Remove the skin from poultry
- Eat fish (fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel, sardines, tuna, and trout) twice a week
- Choose egg whites
- Choose low-fat dairy products
- Avoid foods with unhealthy trans fats
- Use small amounts of vegetable oil (olive, canola, sunflower) and margarine
- Prepare foods without adding fat. Roast, steam, broil and bake instead.
- 7-10 daily servings of vegetables and fruit
- 6-8 daily servings of grains
If you are overweight, you may have higher levels of “bad” (LDL) cholesterol and less “good” (HDL) cholesterol.
- Fad diets are not a healthy approach to losing weight
- Lose weight gradually by eating healthy food
- Watch meal portions
- Helps increase your “good” cholesterol
- Helps control your blood pressure, weight, and blood sugar (if you have diabetes)
- Acts as a stress-reliever
- Start by doing 10 minutes of exercise a day
- Work up to 30 minutes or more each day
Questions to ask
- Do I have risk factors for high cholesterol?
- What practical steps can I take to reach my target total cholesterol number?
- How often should I have my cholesterol checked?
- Besides cholesterol, are there other changes I can make that will reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke?
- Is my cholesterol therapy the best for me?
This information should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your doctor. There may be variations in treatment that your physician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances. If you have questions about your symptoms, ask the Pharmacist at Walmart for more information, and/or contact your doctor.