Diabetes: March 2014
Food choices for control
- High GI (70-100) → choose least often
- Medium GI (56-69) → choose more often
- Low GI (less than 55) → choose most often
WOMP! What’s on my plate
- At least 2 kinds
- Potatoes, rice, pasta, corn
- Fish, lean meats, legumes
A recipe for wellness
Diabetes and glucose control
- Know your targets. For most people with diabetes, the targets are …
- Blood glucose before a meal: 4.0 to 7.0 mmol/L
- Blood glucose after a meal: 5.0 to 10.0 mmol/L (5.0 to 8.0 if your A1C level is high)
- A1C (average blood glucose over the last 2-3 months): 7% or less
More on glucose control
- Test often to help get your blood sugar levels as close to target as possible. Studies have shown that lowering your A1C by 1% can help lower your risk of future problems from diabetes.
The Canadian Diabetes Association recommends people with:
- Type 1 diabetes test their blood at least three times a day
- Type 2 diabetes taking oral medication or insulin test their blood at least once a day
- Get back to a daily exercise routine
- Make a sick-day plan (test more often, drink plenty of fluids and keep to your routine for meals and snacks)
- Follow the advice of your healthcare team
Injecting insulin techniques
- Increase physical activity to improve
- Bone and muscle strength
- Mobility and balance
- Take recommended amounts of calcium and vitamin D.
- Reduce trip and slip hazards in the home or outdoors.
- Weakened bladder muscles
- Complications from surgery, chronic diseases like diabetes or diseases that affect bladder nerves or the spinal cord
- For women: pregnancy, childbirth or hysterectomy
- For men: an enlarged prostate
- Improve bladder control using
- Pelvic muscle exercises
- Timed voiding
- Use absorbent undergarments to manage leaks
- Because men and women are built differently, they need different kinds of protection and fit. Your Walmart pharmacist can help you get the right protection, in the right fit.
Diabetes and meal replacements
This information should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your doctor. There may be variations in treatment that your physician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances. If you have questions about your symptoms, ask the Pharmacist at Walmart for more information, and/or contact your doctor.