Heart Health: High Cholesterol
Why is high cholesterol a risk factor?
- High-density lipoprotein (HDL) – the “good” cholesterol
- Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) – the “bad” cholesterol
How do you know if you have high cholesterol?
Who is at risk of developing high cholesterol?
- Family history of heart disease
- High-fat diet
- Being overweight
- High blood pressure
- Men over age 40
- Women over age 50 or post-menopausal
- Anyone with a family history of heart disease or stroke, or any other risk factors
- Men with a waist measurement of over 40 inches (102 cm), and women with a measurement of over 35 inches (88 cm), since waist circumference is an indicator of high cholesterol
Eat less fat & cholesterol
- Don’t base every meal around meat and keep meat portions small
- Choose leaner cuts of meat and trim off excess fat
- Remove the skin from chicken and turkey
- Use meat substitutes like lentils and beans
- Eat fish at least twice a week
- Don’t eat more than one egg yolk a week
- Choose low-fat dairy products (skim milk, 1% or fat-free yogurt)
- Read food labels
- Use small amounts of vegetable oil (olive, canola, corn, sunflower, safflower, peanut) and margarine
- Prepare foods without adding fat. Roast, steam, broil and bake instead
- When eating out, avoid breaded and fried foods
Eat more veggies, fruit, whole grains & legumes
Control your weight & be active
- Increase your “good” cholesterol
- Control your blood pressure, weight, and blood glucose
- Relieve stress
Take medication as prescribed
- HeartSmart Nutrition – Shopping on the Run, by Ramona Josephson
- Lighthearted Everyday Cooking, by Anne Lindsay
- Simply HeartSmart Cooking, by Bonnie Stern with the Heart and Stroke Foundation
- More HeartSmart Cooking with Bonnie Stern, by Bonnie Stern with the Heart and Stroke Foundation and Bonnie Stern Cooking Schools Ltd.
- HeartSmart Cooking for Family and Friends, by Bonnie Stern with the Heart and Stroke Foundation
This information should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your doctor. There may be variations in treatment that your physician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances. If you have questions about your symptoms, ask the Pharmacist at Walmart for more information, and/or contact your doctor.