Lawn Care by Season

Every home owner wants a lush summer lawn, but achieving this requires year-round care. This article on lawn care by season provides helpful tips to keep your grass green and healthy.

Seasonal Lawn Care 101

The secret to a beautiful lawn, free from dead grass and brown patches, is ongoing lawn maintenance. It's important to establish a regular routine, with specific steps for every season of the year. For instance, in spring, you should focus on controlling weeds and applying fertilizer. In summer, lawn mowing should be near the top of your list. And in fall and winter, soil testing, raking leaves and removing lawn ornaments should be among your main concerns. When you have the right seasonal lawn care routine in place, your lawn will always look healthy, happy and inviting.

Spring Lawn Care

If you don’t take care of your lawn in spring, you’ll end up spending a lot more time on yard maintenance during the summer, fall and winter. The most important tasks to complete each spring include raking, weeding and applying herbicides and fertilizers. Follow the spring lawn care tips below for a healthy, low-maintenance lawn throughout the rest of the year.
• Rake your lawn with a dethatching rake to clear any thatch that has formed (the layer of dead grass that accumulates between the surface of the soil and the actively growing green grass)
• If your lawn has bare patches caused by dog urine or foot traffic, you should over-seed the patches with grass seeds
• Adding a nitrogen lawn fertilizer will help grass seeds take root and grow
• About five weeks after the grass seeds germinate, apply a quick-release nitrogen fertilizer to further encourage healthy growth
• Grass thrives in soil that is neutral (neither acidic nor alkaline): Use a soil test kit to check your lawn's pH level
• If the soil is too acidic, you should apply lime; if it's too alkaline, which is less common, you'll need to apply sulfur or aluminum sulfate
• Use an herbicide to control weeds or pull them by hand
• You can use herbicides to combat crabgrass during spring, but it’s more effective to do so during fall
• Be sure to tune-up your lawnmower or lawn tractor so it’s ready for summer

Summer Lawn Care

By staying on top of your summer lawn care, you'll have more free time to enjoy your yard. To ensure your time outdoors is as comfortable and safe as possible, it's a good idea to clear your yard of mosquito breeding grounds and use an insect repellent for ticks, which can cause Lyme disease. Here are a few more summer lawn care tips: 
• Always wear mosquito repellent while working on your lawn
• You should raise the blades of your lawn mower to 3.5 to 4 inches during the summer months: the longer grass provides additional insulation, reduces water loss and helps prevent browning
• Avoid mowing your lawn in the middle of the day to lower the likelihood of suffering   dehydration or even heat stroke
• The summer heat affects the health of your lawn, making it susceptible to damage from foot or bike traffic
• Consider using signs and lawn edgings to discourage traffic in areas you've identified as vulnerable

Fall Lawn Care

Canada is a considered a colder climate, so your lawn is likely made up of one or more cool-season turf grasses. As such it should be fertilized in fall and given enough water to last through the winter. Here are some additional tips for fall lawn care:
• As in spring, check your soil's pH level with a lawn test kit. If the soil is too acidic, apply lime; if it's too alkaline, apply sulphur
• Use a leaf rake to remove plies of leaves that have accumulated on your lawn. If you ignore them, they could crush the grass during winter snows, resulting in poor growth during spring and summer
• If you have cool-season grass and the lawn requires dethatching, you should perform the treatment in early fall, allowing time for recovery and grow before the first frost.
• Similarly, if you have cool-season grass and the soil requires aeration, you should perform the procedure in fall
• Lawn aeration is also handy for preventing the spread of grubs in lawns. Grubs are the larvae of beetles that eat turf grass and can significantly interfere with the health of your lawn
• If you have a compost heap, turn it over frequently to avoid soil compaction 

Winter Lawn Care

You might think lawn care is for the warmer months, but there’s a lot you can do in winter to encourage healthy growth when the weather heats up again. To start, avoid walking on your lawn, even if it's covered in snow, and use calcium vs. sodium-based ice removers. Here are a few more tips:
• If you plan to over-seed parts of your lawn, do it before the first snow flies
• Afterwards, try to keep off the patches that you've over-seeded
• Remove debris and portable yard ornaments from your lawn to avoid compressing the soil and causing brown spots to form
• Don't use fertiliser on your lawn if the ground is frozen or covered in snow
• During mild spells, you can still mow your lawn, root out moss, rake up leaves and dethatch
• Before the freezing weather arrives, detach and drain your garden hoses, close the shut-off valves to your outdoor faucets, and drain the faucets
This article is intended as general information. Always be sure to read and follow the label(s)/instruction(s) that accompany your product(s). Walmart will not be responsible for any injury or damage caused by this activity.



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